The Localism Act introduced neighbourhood planning. The idea is that communities can be involved in producing Neighbourhood Plans which set out policies on development and use of land in a parish or 'neighbourhood area'. As Tandridge District has parish councils covering the entire area, only parish councils will be able to produce Neighbourhood Plans.
Current applications and Neighbourhood Plans
The purpose of Neighbourhood Plans
Parish Councils can use neighbourhood planning to:
- Set planning policies through Neighbourhood Plans to determine decisions on planning applications
- Grant planning permission through Neighbourhood Development Orders and Community Right to Build Orders for specific development which complies with the order.
The ambition of the neighbourhood should be aligned with the strategic needs and priorities of the wider local area. Neighbourhood Plans must be in general conformity with the strategic policies of the Local Plan. Neighbourhood Plans should reflect the policies contained in the Local Plan and neighbourhoods should plan positively to support the Local Plan. Neighbourhood Plans and Orders should not promote less development than set out in the Local Plan or undermine its strategic policies. Outside these strategic elements, Neighbourhood Plans will be able to shape and direct sustainable development in their area.
The process of preparing a Neighbourhood Plan
As a first step Parish Councils are required to submit an application to the District Council to designate a Neighbourhood Area. Applications will be published on this web page. When a draft Neighbourhood Plan has been produced it will need to be submitted for a formal examination in front of an independent inspector. If the Plan is found to be 'sound' it will then be the subject of a local referendum, if the referendum agrees to the Plan the District Council will then adopt the Neighbourhood Plan as part of the statutory development plan for the area.
We have produced a Neighbourhood Planning Guide to the Statutory Process to help explain the formal and legal steps a Neighbourhood Plan must follow.
The Royal Town Planning Institute and Planning Aid have an Neighbourhood Planning Forum for groups involved in Neighbourhood Planning or who are interested in the process.