Sometimes you may not have to pay Council Tax, if an exemption applies. Most of these apply when a property is empty but sometimes occupied premises are exempt. Exemptions are grouped into classifications B to W (Classes A and C having been abolished), determined by the property’s particular circumstance.
These exemptions currently exist:
Empty properties receive a 100% discount for the first 28 days after they become unoccupied and unfurnished. If the property stays empty after the 28 days, the full Council Tax becomes payable. Additionally if it remains empty for more than two years, an extra 50% additional premium is charged.
Exemptions with a time limit
- Class B - empty properties owned by a charity and last used for charitable purposes is exempt for up to six months.
- Class F - properties left empty because the person liable to Council Tax has died are exempt for up to six months after the grant of probate or letters of administration.
Empty properties that are exempt as long as they are unoccupied
- Class D - properties left empty by people who are in prison or detained under the Mental Health Act.
- Class E - properties left empty by people who have gone to live in a hospital or home to receive care.
- Class G - properties where occupation is forbidden by law by virtue of powers granted under Act of Parliament or because of a planning restriction.
- Class H - empty properties such as vicarages, kept for a minister of religion.
- Class I - properties left empty because the liable person has gone to live elsewhere to receive personal care.
- Class J - property left empty because the liable person has gone to live elsewhere to provide personal care to another person.
- Class K - property left empty because the liable person is a qualifying student who is living elsewhere.
- Class L - properties that have been repossessed by a mortgage lender.
- Class Q - properties where the person who has possession is a trustee in bankruptcy.
- Class R - a caravan pitch without a caravan.
- Class T - a home which is part of another home, for example an annex, and where separate occupation from the main home is not allowed by planning controls.
Properties that are exempt while occupied
- Class M - student halls of residence.
- Class N - properties occupied only by qualifying students.
- Class O - armed forces accommodation.
- Class P - properties occupied by visiting forces or members of international defence organisations, or their dependents.
- Class S - properties where all the occupiers are aged under 18.
- Class U - properties occupied only by people who are severely mentally impaired who would otherwise be liable to pay Council Tax.
- Class V - properties occupied by diplomats.
- Class W - properties with a separate flat or annex where one part of the property is occupied by an elderly or disabled relative of the owner, who lives in the other part. The main property may be exempt if the occupiers are elderly or disabled relatives of the people living in the annex.